Safety is critical when it comes to water, from small garden ponds to swimming pools, knowing the right precautions is vital in keeping children safe.
Holiday Safety Tips
Each year UK citizens drown on holiday abroad so being aware of the basic principles of water safety on holiday, combined with knowledge and understanding of the hazards, can increase enjoyment and significantly reduce the number of deaths each year.
People preparing for their summer holidays should ensure simple advice is followed by all members of the family.
- When researching your holiday, or arriving at the destination if you haven’t yet done so, check the safety arrangements of any water-based activities and if there is lifeguard cover at the pool/beach
- Check bathing sites for hazards, check the safest places to swim and always read the signs – find out what local warning signs and flags mean
- Make sure the whole family can swim
- Swim with any children in your care – it’s more fun and you can keep them close and safe
- Never swim alone
- Follow the pool rules
- Take time to check the depth, water flow and layout of pools
- Never enter the water after drinking alcohol
- On beaches check when the tide will be high and low and make sure that you won’t be cut off from the beach exit by the rising tide. Also be aware of dangerous rip-currents
- Inflatable dinghies or lilos are a well-known hazard – each year there are drownings as people on inflatables are blown out to sea. Do not use them in open water
- Do not swim near to or dive from rocks, piers, breakwater or coral
- Swim parallel to the beach and close to the shore
- Remove all toys and floats away from pools after use so children are not tempted to reach for them.
What to look for - Drowning
If someone has been rescued from drowning you need to check if they’re breathing or not.
If they aren't breathing, then you’ll need to give CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation straight away.
What you need to do - Drowning
- As soon as the casualty has been rescued from the water, check if they’re breathing.
- Ask someone to call 999 or 112 for medical help.
- If the person is unresponsive and not breathing, give them five initial rescue breaths before starting CPR.
- Once you’ve done this, start CPR: 30 chest compressions, then two rescue breaths. Keep giving CPR until help arrives, the casualty regains responsiveness, or you’re too exhausted to keep going.
- If you’re on your own, give CPR for one minute, before you call 999 or 112 for medical help.
- If they start breathing again at any time, treat them for hypothermia by covering them with warm clothes and blankets. If they recover completely, replace their wet clothes with dry ones.
- Keep checking breathing, pulse and level of response until help arrives.
Class Based Water Safety Skills
Lower School age for swimming to Yr 1